Let us implement in julia 0.6.0 a binary search tree to store integers. Each node is either of type Nil or of type bst, as declared below. Type Nil is used a null pointer. We use type union MayBe to hold either a Nil() or a bst. At the start the tree is empty so it is initialized to Nil(). Removing the type declaration from the data element should be sufficient to store datatypes for which a comparator is implemented.
Let us implement Splay Trees in Julia which is, relatively new and popular, dynamically typed language with multiple dispatch.
We model a node in the splay tree as an abstract data type. Each node contains a single integer data value and two references to the left and the right subtrees. The subtrees can be empty, as in the case of leaf nodes, and we model this by using the Nil type.